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國務院印發打贏藍天保衛戰三年行動計劃
點擊數:次 更新時間:2019-07-11

國務院印發打贏藍天保衛戰三年行動計劃

 

    國務院日(ri)前(qian)印(yin)發(fa)《打(da)贏藍天保衛戰三年行動計劃(hua)》,明確了大(da)氣污染防治(zhi)工(gong)作的總(zong)體思路(lu)、基本目(mu)標、主(zhu)要任務和保障(zhang)措施(shi)(shi),提(ti)出(chu)了打(da)贏藍天保衛戰的時間(jian)表和路(lu)線(xian)圖(tu)。要求各地2018年年底前(qian)建(jian)立施(shi)(shi)工(gong)工(gong)地管理清(qing)單,揚(yang)塵治(zhi)理費用列(lie)入工(gong)程造(zao)價。

    《打贏藍天保衛戰三年行(xing)動計劃》提出(chu)的(de)目(mu)標指標是(shi):經過3年努(nu)力,大(da)幅減少主要大(da)氣污染物(wu)排放總量,協同減少溫室氣(qi)體排放(fang),進(jin)一(yi)步(bu)明(ming)顯降低細顆粒物(PM2.5)濃(nong)度,明(ming)顯減(jian)少(shao)重(zhong)(zhong)污染天(tian)(tian)數(shu),明(ming)顯改善環境空氣(qi)質(zhi)量(liang),明(ming)顯增強(qiang)人民(min)的藍天(tian)(tian)幸(xing)福感。到2020年(nian),二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放(fang)總(zong)量(liang)分別比(bi)(bi)2015年(nian)下(xia)降15%以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang);PM2.5未(wei)達(da)標(biao)地級(ji)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang)城市(shi)濃(nong)度比(bi)(bi)2015年(nian)下(xia)降18%以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang),地級(ji)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang)城市(shi)空氣(qi)質(zhi)量(liang)優良天(tian)(tian)數(shu)比(bi)(bi)率達(da)到80%,重(zhong)(zhong)度及(ji)以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang)污染天(tian)(tian)數(shu)比(bi)(bi)率比(bi)(bi)2015年(nian)下(xia)降25%以(yi)(yi)(yi)上(shang)。要求(qiu)提(ti)前完成“十(shi)三(san)五”目標(biao)任(ren)務的省份,保持和鞏固改善成果;尚未(wei)完成的,確保全面實現“十(shi)三(san)五”約束性目標(biao);北京市(shi)環境空氣(qi)質(zhi)量(liang)改善目標(biao)應在(zai)“十(shi)三(san)五”目標(biao)基礎上(shang)進(jin)一(yi)步(bu)提(ti)高。劃(hua)定重(zhong)點區域范(fan)圍(wei)是:京津(jin)冀及(ji)周(zhou)邊地區,包(bao)含北京市(shi)(shi)(shi),天津(jin)市(shi)(shi)(shi),河(he)北省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)石(shi)家莊、唐(tang)山(shan)(shan)、邯鄲、邢臺、保定、滄州、廊坊、衡水市(shi)(shi)(shi)以及(ji)雄安新區,山(shan)(shan)西(xi)(xi)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)太原、陽(yang)泉、長(chang)治(zhi)、晉城市(shi)(shi)(shi),山(shan)(shan)東省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)濟(ji)南、淄(zi)博、濟(ji)寧、德(de)州、聊城、濱州、菏澤市(shi)(shi)(shi),河(he)南省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)鄭州、開封、安陽(yang)、鶴壁(bi)、新鄉(xiang)、焦(jiao)作(zuo)、濮陽(yang)市(shi)(shi)(shi)等(deng);長(chang)三角地區,包(bao)含上海市(shi)(shi)(shi)、江(jiang)蘇省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、浙(zhe)江(jiang)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、安徽省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng);汾渭平原,包(bao)含山(shan)(shan)西(xi)(xi)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)晉中、運城、臨汾、呂梁(liang)市(shi)(shi)(shi),河(he)南省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)洛陽(yang)、三門(men)峽市(shi)(shi)(shi),陜(shan)西(xi)(xi)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)西(xi)(xi)安、銅(tong)川(chuan)、寶雞、咸陽(yang)、渭南市(shi)(shi)(shi)以及(ji)楊凌示范(fan)區等(deng)。

《打(da)贏藍天(tian)保(bao)衛戰三年行(xing)動(dong)(dong)計劃》提出六方面任務措施(shi),并明確量化(hua)(hua)指標和(he)(he)完(wan)(wan)成時限(xian)。一(yi)是(shi)調(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)優(you)化(hua)(hua)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)結(jie)構(gou)(gou),推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)綠(lv)色(se)發展(zhan)。優(you)化(hua)(hua)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)布局,嚴控“兩(liang)高”行(xing)業(ye)產(chan)(chan)能(neng),強化(hua)(hua)“散亂(luan)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”企業(ye)綜(zong)合整(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi),深化(hua)(hua)工(gong)業(ye)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)治(zhi)理(li)(li),大(da)(da)力培育綠(lv)色(se)環保(bao)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)。二是(shi)加(jia)(jia)(jia)快調(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)結(jie)構(gou)(gou),構(gou)(gou)建清(qing)潔低(di)碳高效(xiao)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)體(ti)系(xi)。有效(xiao)推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)北方地區(qu)(qu)清(qing)潔取暖,重(zhong)(zhong)點區(qu)(qu)域(yu)繼續實施(shi)煤炭(tan)消(xiao)費總(zong)量控制(zhi),開展(zhan)燃(ran)煤鍋爐綜(zong)合整(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi),提高能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)利用效(xiao)率,加(jia)(jia)(jia)快發展(zhan)清(qing)潔能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)新能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)。三是(shi)積極調(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)運輸(shu)結(jie)構(gou)(gou),發展(zhan)綠(lv)色(se)交通體(ti)系(xi)。大(da)(da)幅提升鐵路貨運比例,加(jia)(jia)(jia)快車船(chuan)結(jie)構(gou)(gou)升級(ji),加(jia)(jia)(jia)快油品質量升級(ji),強化(hua)(hua)移動(dong)(dong)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)防(fang)(fang)治(zhi)。四是(shi)優(you)化(hua)(hua)調(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)用地結(jie)構(gou)(gou),推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)面源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)治(zhi)理(li)(li)。實施(shi)防(fang)(fang)風固沙綠(lv)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)程,推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)露天(tian)礦山綜(zong)合整(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi),加(jia)(jia)(jia)強揚(yang)塵綜(zong)合治(zhi)理(li)(li),加(jia)(jia)(jia)強秸稈綜(zong)合利用和(he)(he)氨排放(fang)控制(zhi)。五是(shi)實施(shi)重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)(da)專(zhuan)項行(xing)動(dong)(dong),大(da)(da)幅降低(di)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)物(wu)排放(fang)。開展(zhan)重(zhong)(zhong)點區(qu)(qu)域(yu)秋冬(dong)季攻(gong)堅行(xing)動(dong)(dong),打(da)好柴(chai)油貨車污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)治(zhi)理(li)(li)攻(gong)堅戰,開展(zhan)工(gong)業(ye)爐窯治(zhi)理(li)(li)專(zhuan)項行(xing)動(dong)(dong),實施(shi)揮(hui)發性有機物(wu)專(zhuan)項整(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)。六是(shi)強化(hua)(hua)區(qu)(qu)域(yu)聯防(fang)(fang)聯控,有效(xiao)應對(dui)重(zhong)(zhong)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)天(tian)氣(qi)(qi)。建立完(wan)(wan)善區(qu)(qu)域(yu)大(da)(da)氣(qi)(qi)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)防(fang)(fang)治(zhi)協作機制(zhi),加(jia)(jia)(jia)強重(zhong)(zhong)污(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)染(ran)(ran)天(tian)氣(qi)(qi)應急聯動(dong)(dong),夯實應急減排措施(shi)。

尤其是令(ling)業界關注的加強(qiang)揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)綜合治(zhi)理(li),嚴(yan)格(ge)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)監管(guan)(guan)方面提出了具體(ti)的任務措(cuo)施(shi)(shi)。要求(qiu)2018年(nian)年(nian)底前,各地建(jian)立施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)地管(guan)(guan)理(li)清單;因地制(zhi)(zhi)宜穩(wen)步(bu)發展裝配式建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu);將(jiang)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)地揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)污染(ran)防治(zhi)納入(ru)文(wen)明施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)管(guan)(guan)理(li)范疇(chou),建(jian)立揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)責任制(zhi)(zhi)度,揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)治(zhi)理(li)費用列(lie)入(ru)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程造價;重點區域(yu)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)地要做(zuo)到工(gong)(gong)(gong)地周(zhou)邊圍擋、物料堆放覆蓋(gai)、土方開挖(wa)濕法作業、路面硬化(hua)、出入(ru)車輛清洗、渣(zha)土車輛密閉運(yun)輸(shu)“六(liu)個百分之(zhi)百”,安裝在線監測(ce)和視(shi)頻監控(kong)設備(bei),并與(yu)當地有關主管(guan)(guan)部(bu)門聯網(wang);將(jiang)揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)管(guan)(guan)理(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作不(bu)到位的不(bu)良信息納入(ru)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)市場(chang)信用管(guan)(guan)理(li)體(ti)系,情節嚴(yan)重的,列(lie)入(ru)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)市場(chang)主體(ti)“黑名單”;加強(qiang)道路揚(yang)塵(chen)(chen)(chen)(chen)綜合整(zheng)治(zhi);大(da)力(li)推進道路清掃(sao)保(bao)潔機(ji)械化(hua)作業,提高(gao)道路機(ji)械化(hua)清掃(sao)率,2020年(nian)年(nian)底前,地級及以上(shang)(shang)城市建(jian)成區達到70%以上(shang)(shang),縣城達到60%以上(shang)(shang),重點區域(yu)要顯著提高(gao);嚴(yan)格(ge)渣(zha)土運(yun)輸(shu)車輛規范化(hua)管(guan)(guan)理(li),渣(zha)土運(yun)輸(shu)車要密閉。

此(ci)外,因地(di)(di)制宜提高(gao)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑節能標(biao)準(zhun),加大綠色建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑推廣力度,引導有條件地(di)(di)區和(he)城市新建(jian)(jian)(jian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑全面執行綠色建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑標(biao)準(zhun);推進既有居住(zhu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑節能改(gai)造,鼓(gu)勵開(kai)展農村住(zhu)房節能改(gai)造;推動鐵路(lu)(lu)貨(huo)(huo)運重點項(xiang)目建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she),加大貨(huo)(huo)運鐵路(lu)(lu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)投入,加快完成蒙華、唐曹、水曹等貨(huo)(huo)運鐵路(lu)(lu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)列(lie)入行動清單(dan)。

相關的(de)關注點還有:

——積極推(tui)行區(qu)(qu)域(yu)(yu)、規劃(hua)環(huan)境影響評(ping)(ping)價,新、改、擴(kuo)建(jian)鋼鐵(tie)、石(shi)化(hua)、化(hua)工、焦(jiao)化(hua)、建(jian)材、有(you)色等(deng)項目的環(huan)境影響評(ping)(ping)價,應滿足區(qu)(qu)域(yu)(yu)、規劃(hua)環(huan)評(ping)(ping)要(yao)求。加快城市建(jian)成區(qu)(qu)重污(wu)染企業(ye)搬(ban)遷改造或關閉(bi)退出,推(tui)動實施一(yi)批水(shui)泥、平(ping)板玻璃、焦(jiao)化(hua)、化(hua)工等(deng)重污(wu)染企業(ye)搬(ban)遷工程(cheng)。重點區(qu)(qu)域(yu)(yu)禁止(zhi)新增化(hua)工園區(qu)(qu),加大現有(you)化(hua)工園區(qu)(qu)整(zheng)治(zhi)力度。

——嚴(yan)(yan)控(kong)“兩高”行(xing)業產能(neng)。重點區(qu)域嚴(yan)(yan)禁新增鋼鐵、焦化、電解鋁(lv)、鑄造、水(shui)泥(ni)和平(ping)(ping)板(ban)玻璃等產能(neng);嚴(yan)(yan)格執行(xing)鋼鐵、水(shui)泥(ni)、平(ping)(ping)板(ban)玻璃等行(xing)業產能(neng)置換實施辦法;新、改、擴建(jian)涉及(ji)大宗物料運輸的建(jian)設項目,原則上(shang)不得(de)采用(yong)公路運輸等等。

為實現(xian)基本目標、主(zhu)要任務的(de)完成,《打贏藍天保衛戰三(san)年行動(dong)計劃》提(ti)出了三(san)方面的(de)支持保障措施。

一是健全(quan)法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)規體系,完(wan)(wan)善環境經(jing)濟政(zheng)策。完(wan)(wan)善法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)規標準體系,拓寬投融資渠(qu)道,加大經(jing)濟政(zheng)策支持力度。

二是加強(qiang)(qiang)基礎能力建設,嚴格環(huan)境執法督(du)察。完善環(huan)境監測監控網絡,強(qiang)(qiang)化科技基礎支撐(cheng),深入開展(zhan)環(huan)境保護督(du)察。

三是明確落實各方責任,動員全社會廣泛參與。加強組織領導,嚴格考核問責,加強環境信息公開,構建全民行動格局。
                                                                                  ——摘自建筑新網

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